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10 Pollution Facts & 5 Solutions

17 August 2018 12:55

Posted in: Skin Health



  • There are two types of air pollution: ozone and particulate matter. Ozone is released into the air by cars, trucks, airplanes, and anything else that emits toxic gases. Particulate matter is a mixture of solid particles that are found in the air. These include dust, dirt, and smoke.

  • 92% of the worlds population live in places where air pollution levels exceed the recommended limits set by the world health organisation.

  • The average home or office contains 60,000 chemicals.

  • Kings College London has shown Oxford street has up to 10 times the legal limit of Nitrogen Dioxide Levels.

  • Pollution particles are sometimes 20 times smaller than pores and can penetrate the deeper layers of the epidermis causing cellular damage, including the break down of collagen and elastin as well as inflammation and irritation.

  • This year London reached the legal limit for the whole of 2018 less than a month into the year

  • Cigarette smoke consists of over 6000 chemicals

  • The mixture of Particulate Matter (PM), Ozone, Heavy Metals, VOC'S and Free Radicals can cause major damage to our skin.

  • Carbon Monoxide, Nitrous Oxide and ozone destroy the skins natural oils, which act as protective barriers

  • Free radicals, caused by pollution, attack the cells and the skin’s own anti-oxidants. PM and heavy metals can both cause problems on the surface of the skin or penetrate through the pores leading to deeper damage.



  • UP YOUR ANTI-OXIDANTS: Anti-oxidants. These vital and exceptionally clever compounds inhibit oxidation and the damage and breakdown of cells. They are our body's own mini-martyrs and give up their extra electrons to free-radicals to prevent them damaging other cells.


  • - EUK-134

  • - Astaxanthin

  • - Niacinamide (VIT B3)

  • - Malachite


  • Salmon (Anti-Oxidant + Vitamin E + Astaxanthin)

  • Broccoli (Vitamin E + Vitamin C)

  • Turmeric (Anti-Inflammatory)

  • Almond (Vitamin E)

  • Chia Seeds (Omega 3’s)

  • Ginger (Anti-Inflammatory)

  • Avocado (Vitamin E)

  • Tomatoes (Lycopene)

  • USE ECO FRIENDLY PRODUCTS: Studies have shown non-eco-friendly cleaning products are not only extremely harmful (due to ammonia and chlorine content) but that breathing in the fumes is comparable to smoking twenty cigarettes a day. So swapping your cleaning products to natural ones could really do wonders for lowering the amount of toxins you ingest.

  • INVEST IN HOUSE PLANTS: We tend to spend around 90% or our time indoors, so another easy way of decreasing indoor pollution. House plants turn toxic compound into lovely clean air through photosynthesis, in fact NASA did a study that showed some were able to remove 90% of toxic compounds!

  • GO ORGANIC: One of the easiest ways to lower your bodies total toxin intake is to eat organic foods, Organic foods contain less toxins, but also often have more beneficial nutrients such as anti-oxidants than non-organic foods.

  • DONT SMOKE: Smoking effects your skin in the same way a polluted environment would, it is like creating your own polluted environment. Smokers deprive them selves of oxygen, this includes your skin cells, which accelerates the aging process. It also depletes your body of vitamins it needs to heal itself.

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Last Updated: 17 August 2018 14:15

Vitamin C vs Astaxanthin

11 August 2018 14:16

Posted in: Vitamin C, Anti-Oxidants, Astaxanthin

Vitamin C v Astaxanthin…..Which is 6000 times stronger than the other?

Using a powerful topical anti-oxidant is the most important thing we can do for the long term health of our skin, even more than using an SPF. Vitamin C has been the traditional darling of the anti-oxidant world for years. However, there are new generation of anti-oxidants paving the way that are bigger and better in terms of protecting against free-radical damage. Astaxanthin is one that should be on the tips of everyone’s lips.

First of all, what are free radicals? They are loose atoms that roam around looking for Free Radicals are found all around us and can wreak havoc with the health of our skin, inducing premature ageing, diseases, inflammation and cancers. The skin damage or cellular breakdown (including collagen and elastin) caused by Free-Radicals manifests itself in several forms, from changing the colour of your skin (brown spots & hyperpigmentation), sagging and loss of elasticity to fine lines and wrinkles.

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) has long been hailed by the beauty industry as the king of anti-oxidants, reigning supreme in the past year because of its additional ability to stimulate fibroblast cells to produce collagen and gently brighten and smooth skin helping to diminish any unwanted pigmentation. But as an anti-oxidant, it simply can be beaten, both in terms of stability and efficacy.

Astaxanthin (pronounced Asta-xan-thin) is a blood-red pigment that naturally originates in rainwater micro algae and travels through the food chain providing the beautiful pink colour of shrimp, prawns and flamingos. We are familiar with carotenoids - and we know that the brighter the food, the better it is for us - for example Beta Carotene in carrots, tomatoes, peppers and sweet potatoes.

Unlike other anti-oxidants including Vitamin C and Beta-Carotene, Astaxanthin does not become pro-oxidant in the body nor does it break down into Vitamin A, making it ideal for topical skincare due to its stability.
It is 6,000 times stronger than vitamin C, 800 times stronger than CoQ10, 550 times stronger than Green Tea Catechins and 75 times stronger than Alpha Lipoic Acid. 

Apart from its exceptional anti-oxidant capacity, Astaxanthin has also been proven to have a positive effect on collagen production but also sun protection. It does not shield or absorb UV light, but has amazing photo-protective benefits. Recovery is quicker and pigmentation issues reduced. Fibroblasts are skin cells that act as a skin defence system, providing antioxidant enzymes such as Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). When skin is exposed to sunlight, ROS formation and its build-up occurs. Astaxanthin can protect and enhance the ability of the fibroblasts to reduce the formation of ROS and also scavenge ROS after its formation.
Sunburn is the formation of erythema (redness and swelling) - an inflammatory process. Due to potent anti-inflammatory properties of Astaxanthin, it can help protect the skin from developing sunburn or to sooth a sunburn after its formation.

So, if you are looking for the ultimate anti-oxidant protection, forget Vitamin C, and keep your eyes peeled for Astaxanthin or alternatively get your hands on our CityLife range packed with Astaxanthin to help prevent cellular and DNA damage, breakdown of collagen and potential fine lines.

1. Beutner, S., Bloedorn, B., Frixel, S., Hernández Blanco, I., Hoffmann, T., Martin, H.-D., Mayer, B., Noack, P., Ruck, C., Schmidt, M., Schülke, I., Sell, S., Ernst, H., Haremza, S., Seybold, G., Sies, H., Stahl, W. and Walsh, R. (2001), Quantitative assessment of antioxidant properties of natural colorants and phytochemicals: carotenoids, flavonoids, phenols and indigoids. The role of β-carotene in antioxidant functions. J. Sci. Food Agric., 81: 559-568. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.849.

2. Nishida Y. et. al, Quenching Activities of Common Hydrophilic and Lipophilic Antioxidants against Singlet Oxygen Using Chemiluminescence Detection System. Carotenoid Science 11:16-20 (2007).

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Last Updated: 12 August 2018 08:49

OSKIA Glow On The Go At Fenwick

30 July 2018 16:58


Is the hot weather wreaking havoc on your skin? This August, let our skincare experts pamper your skin with our signature Glow on the Go facial at Fenwick of Bond Street.
OSKIA's signature Glow On The Go treatment is ideal for those seeking visible radiance-enhancing results but without the fuss.
This illuminating facial seamlessly blends deep cleansing methods with our signature facial and eye massage techniques to reveal brighter, younger looking skin.
11am – 5pm, on Saturday 11th August.
45 minute Glow on the Go Facial, £50 booking fee redeemable against 2 or more products.
Fenwick, 63 New Bond Street, London, W1S 1RQ.
To book, simply email or call 0203 621 2870 (Monday to Friday 9am-5pm).

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Last Updated: 30 July 2018 16:58

GOOP Pop Up Shop

30 July 2018 16:48


Our good friends at GOOP have recently opened a stunning pop-up shop in the spectacular mountain town of Aspen, Colorado. This new wellness space is a haven of tranquillity, light and all things beautiful, and we’re very proud that OSKIA is included in their range of hand picked products for sale.

Situated in the heart of America’s most atmospheric and famous ski resort, make sure you visit pop-up GOOP before it goes!

Or if you happen to be around the west coast, make sure you pop into their Sag Harbour Pop Up in the esteemed location that is the Hamptons. It’s the second consecutive year that GOOP have created this beautiful airy general store for you to go and top up all your favourite summer essentials.

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Last Updated: 30 July 2018 16:48

How to eat for summer strong skin.

27 July 2018 11:06


We know that using a strong topical anti-oxidant is one of the best things we can do to keep skin healthy and youthful, but during the summer we need to up our game. Unchecked UV radiation not only inflames & dehydrates skin but also stimulates free radicals into a frenzied activity of electron stealing. UV radiation reacts with oxygen in the air to kick off a free-radical chain reaction where free-radicals move around the body stealing electrons from healthy cells that cause damage, premature ageing, inflammation and diseases (including cancers). However, on the plus side, spending time in the sun is vital for Vitamin D & endorphin production. We evolved outside and we couldn’t live without it.

What we eat plays a vital role in the formation, health and protection of our skin. Anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory-rich foods should become key parts of your summer diet.

So when the sun shines, reach for...

1. Anti-inflammatories. Inflammation is needed to kick start the healing process, but when there is nothing to heal inflammation can damage cells as well as cause major health problems and diseases. See foods below.

2. Anti-oxidants. These vital and exceptionally clever compounds inhibit oxidation and the damage and breakdown of cells. They are our body's own mini-martyrs and give up their extra electrons to free-radicals to prevent them damaging other cells. There are 600 different types of carotenoids (the compounds that give fruit, vegetables & fish their colour), but the most common carotenoids in the Western diet include beta-carotene, lycopene, lutein and lutein and zeaxanthin.

3. Spotlight on Glutathione - Every cell of our body contains the most brilliant and super anti-oxidant of them all - Glutathione - which we can boost production of by diet.  In fact, it is so important that it is in every cell of our body already. It is our body’s cellular defence and we simply can’t make enough of it. Our body makes it naturally out of the amino acids cysteine, glutamine and glycine (one of the reasons bone broth is so good for the immune system) but as all things, production slows as we age. Eat sulphur rich foods which are a great source of amino-acid building blocks needed for Glutathione production - broccoli, asparagus, onion, watercress, or take a sulphur based supplement such as MSM. Our lab combined Glutathione with a number of other powerful melanin reducing actives for our Renaissance Brightlight Serum, clinically proven to reduce hyper-active pigmentation.

4. Water rich foods such as watermelon and cucumber. ‘Food water’ better hydrates cells than drinking water. They are also full of micro-nutrients.

5. Melanin Boosting Foods. Melanin is wonderful! it is our skin’s first defence against skin cancer and the effects of UV radiation - our in-built SPF. Our bodies have evolved it over thousands of years and it needs nurturing. Boost your tan naturally by eating foods rich in…
Tyrosine - an amino acid needed for melanin synthesis. One of the highest food sources is spirulina, followed by egg whites and soy. (You will find Tyrosine in our Adaptive Tan Drops & Adaptive Tan Mist).
Riboflavin - acts in a similar way to Tyrosine - found in almonds & mackerel.
Vitamin A (needed for restoring and maintaining good levels of melanin in the skin) - found in carrots & tomatoes. (You will find Vitamin A in our Adaptive Tan Drops & Adaptive Tan Mist).
Copper - required for melanin production - found in Liver and dark chocolate (not together).



An amazing source of anti-oxidants, vitamins and minerals. In fact it contains over 70 phenolic compounds, including hydroxycinnamic acids which are super strong anti-oxidants.

Delicious roasted or added to a smoothy. Deep and dark in colour and a perfect example of the ‘eat colourful’ rule. Beetroot is brimming with the anti-oxidant carotenoid (plant pigment) betalain. It is also rich in Magnesium which aids and regulates calcium absorption.

I’ve grouped these together as both are high in a particularly strong and colourful anti-inflammatory called Quercetin (also found in olive oil) and the phytonutrient Anthocyanins. Cherries are also exceptionally high in an anti-oxidant that produces melatonin. Melatonin, which induces sleep, also protects the skin against ultraviolet radiation and stimulates new cell growth, so even if you have existing sun spots and damaged skin, you'll get the benefits. Cherries are also packed with Vitamin C which builds collagen, our skin’s bricks and mortar.

Nature’s best source of selenium. A single nut can provide your daily intake. Also a wonderful source of the anti-oxidant Vitamin E. Selenium is a super beauty nutrient as it helps make special proteins, called antioxidant enzymes, which play a role in the body's antioxidant defence. Other great sources include crimini mushrooms, almonds and shrimps. (Selenium is found in all our products).

Both are super rich in most anti-oxidants and anti-inflammatories, but Glutathione is key one of note. It is also one of the best sources of Vitamin K and high in Vitamin C. Diets rich in asparagus have been shown to have beneficial effects on cancer patients.

An anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant power house with proven abilities to reduce both cholesterol and blood pressure. Additionally the seeds have their own benefits in helping lower inflammation and acting as an anti-bacterial. However, one of its key benefits is it’s high potassium content. A good balance of sodium and potassium rich foods is important as both are needed to draw in and flush out toxins (a build of which leads to inflammation). Sodium high foods (most processed foods) draw in fluid and nutrients into the cells, but need Potassium rich foods to then flush out the resulting toxins. When Sodium levels are high (most Western diets), inflammation can occur.

Without doubt cinnamon is the new turmeric. In a recent study it was found to be the most potent anti-oxidant of all the traditional spices. (, with an ORAC score raking it 7th of all herbs and spices, a potent anti-inflammatory and shown to help control diabetes and boost heart and brain health.

Contain the potent ingredient limonene, associated with a 34 percent lower risk of skin cancer in one University of Arizona study of 470 women and men. Home-made lemonade will not only provide this important ingredient, but will also help alkalise the body.

It’s no news that dark chocolate is rich in anti-oxidants but the Flavanoids found in dark chocolate may improve the skin’s ability to protect against some types of skin damage, including UV-induced issues like sun burns. Not only that, flavonoids can help keep skin hydrated, increase oxygen saturation and boost blood circulation. What better than a dark chocolate & avocado mousse?

Full of antioxidants called EGCGs. Among their health-promoting capabilities: EGCGs stopped genetic damage in human skin cells exposed to UV light in one University of Wisconsin study.

Pineapple is rich in digestive enzyme Bromelain, which is why it is used in skincare as a topical exfoliant. Bromelain, not only regulates the immune response helping to prevent inflammation, but can prevent blood platelets sticking together reducing the risk of strokes or heart attacks. It is also high in Vitamin C, B1, Potassium and Manganese. (Found in our Renaissance Mask, Renaissance Hand & Body Cream).

One of the key roles of Omega 3 is as an anti-inflammatory and fish eggs are one of the best natural sources of DHA & EPA, the best types of Omega 3. They in fact contain more Omega 3 than the fattiest of freshwater fish. However if these are not up your street, salmon is the next best thing. DHA has been clinically proven to be the most beneficial of the two, though EPA also has good heart benefits. Omega 3 can protect against the inflammatory effect of Omega 6, which is common in western diets from fried food. Salmon is also an excellent source of probably the most powerful of the anti-oxidants that we can consume, Astaxanthin. It is 1000 times more effective than Vitamin E, 6,000 times stronger than Vitamin C and is what gives shell fish, salmon, and through the food chain to Flamingos, their bright red colour. (Astaxanthin from algae is found in our CityLife Range)

Full of carotenoids and vitamins, spinach can protect the skin from damage caused by ultra-violet radiation from the sun. Not only are they one of the best dietary sources of beta-carotene, they are also packed with lutein and zeaxanthin.

My favourite vegetable as they make the most delicious chips - but importantly extremely high in beta-carotene, Vitamin C and are also thought to promote the synthesis of hyaluronic acid, our skin’s natural hydrator that keeps our skin plump and youthful.

TURMERIC - one of life’s wonder spices and a phenomenal anti-inflammatory. It has a mild flavour and therefore can be added to almost everything. I drink it with warm water and lemon juice in the morning. Chilli is another great anti-inflammatory. Heat and UV rays cause inflammation which is the biggest cause of skin damage. Laboratory studies suggest that turmeric can help protect the epidermal skin cells from the damage caused by ultraviolet B radiation (UB radiation). (Found in our Restoration Oil)

Full of all important Lycopene - a potent anti-oxidant which will protect from free-radicals stimulated by UV. Lycopene from processed tomato products (such as tomato paste, tomato juice, and even ketchup) appears to be more bioavailable than that from raw tomatoes, the yeast in the skin of which can also cause inflammation in some people. Studies have shown that just 3 teaspoons of tomato paste can help protection against UV damage, so reach for that homemade Bloody Mary. Further, Lycopene is better absorbed by the body in the presence of beta-carotene, the other great anti-oxidant. Coincidentally, tomatoes also contain beta-carotene. In addition to lycopene and beta-carotene, tomatoes contain Vitamin C, another super anti-oxidant. As a rule of thumb, always reach for the darkest or brightest red foods and you will consume a whole host of anti-oxidants - watermelon, papaya and red peppers are my other all time favourites - and whizzed up they make a great Summer Skin smoothie.

The body absorbs water from fruit and vegetables far better than drinking water. Dehydrated skin from sun exposure is a real concern and can lead to peeling. Stock up on thirst quenching fruits that are rich in electrolytes and micro nutrients - and it doesn’t get any better than watermelon, which is also brimming with the all important Lycopene, and unlike tomatoes it doesn’t have to be cooked to get the maximum benefits. Watermelon actually contains 40% more Lycopene than raw tomatoes. These luscious pink globes are also rich in choline, which reduces inflammation (sun burn) and Vitamin C (1 cup of watermelon flesh provides 24.3% of your daily requirement of Vitamin C and 11.1% of Vitamin A), both of which are also needed for healthy collagen production. But what we love even more is that due to its higher water content and low calorie content (a whole cup of watermelon contains a mere 48 calories), it delivers more nutrients per calorie than almost any other fruit - an unbeatable health benefit for our bikini days!

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Last Updated: 29 July 2018 16:48

The best new brand out of Britain - VOGUE JAPAN This new Brit brand is taking the skincare world by storm - GRAZIA Now there is no need to choose between something that's natural and something that works - DAILY MAIL

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