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VITAMINS

30 April 2012 21:48

Posted in: Ingredient Focus

Vitamin B3
Reduces water loss by 24% in 4 weeks, boosts fatty acid and ceramides by 67% and 34% respectively; stimulates new fibroblasts by 20% and collagen secretion by 54%; inhibits pigmentation by 68%.

Vitamin A (Retinyl Palmitate) helps diminish the appearance of fine lines on the skin, while leaving it soft, smooth, and supple. It encourages cell renewal, increasing epidermal thickness and skin elasticity, giving the skin a youthful appearance, and prevents skin roughness resulting from UV exposure.Vitamin A can act as a keratinisation regulator, helping to improve the skin’s texture, firmness and smoothness. Vitamin A esters, once in the skin, convert to retinoic acid and provide anti-aging benefits. Retinoic acid alters collagen synthesis by stimulating the growth of fibroblast cells (which produce collagen and elastin) and the extracellular matrix. Vitamin A is believed to be essential for the generation and function of skin cells and a deficiency of Vitamin A is shown by thick, dry skin. Topical application of Vitamin A helps keep skin healthy, clear, infection free and help significantly in the fight against premature ageing.

Vitamin B5 (Panthenol) is an excellent, penetrating moisturizer. It appears to stimulate cellular proliferation and help tissue repair. Studies show that when panthenol is applied on the skin it is converted to pantothenic acid, a B complex vitamin. It also protects the skin against sunburn and acts as a humectant, holding water within the product or attracting water from the environment. It acts as a skin softener providing suppleness.

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a well known antioxidant. When Vitamin E reacts with a free radical it becomes damaged. Vitamin C comes in to repair this free-radical damage in Vitamin E, allowing Vitamin E to continue on its free-radical scavenging duties. Current research has suggested that Vitamin C is also photoprotective and adds protection against UVB (burning) damage when combined with UVB sunscreens. Mixed with Vitamin E, the three actually offer greater protection together than any on their own. Vitamin C is clinically proved to stimulate collagen production, and can lightening the skin and boosts the immune system.

Vitamin D can be absorbed though the outer layers of the skin and act as a keratinisation regulator, helping to improve the skin’s feel and firmness. Research suggests that it is an important factor in skin cell turnover.

Vitamin E (Tocopherol) is widely found in nature, particularly in Wheat germ oil. It is considered the most important oil-soluble antioxidant and free-radical scavenger when applied topically. A good moisturizer and absorbed well through the skin, it is also protects against UV and helps protect the cellular membrane from free-radical damage. It serves a preservative function due to its ability to protect against oxidation. Vitamin E is also considered to improve the skin’s water-binding ability and can help reduce water loss from the surface of the skin, improving the appearance of rough, dry and damaged skin. Vitamin E also helps maintain connective tissue, protects against cell damage caused by inflammation, and counteracts the decreased functioning of the sebaceous glands, which reduces with age, and reduce skin pigmentation.

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Last Updated: 30 June 2015 18:23

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